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The author of these comments is a Middle Eastern Australian who wishes to remain anonymous. CPDS assistance was provided with English expression
To contain Islamic radicalization it is necessary to know what is taught in mosques and Islamic teaching centres, because radical Islam emerges from taking what is taught there literally and seriously.
I lived and grew up in the Middle East for 18 years, and thus learned about Islam and the Muslim culture and way of thinking. Anyone who has lived there will know that it doesn't take a long time to understand Islam and that radical Muslims are a big problem there just as they are becoming almost everywhere.
The purpose of these comments is to express my point of view about how radical Muslims are created and the cause of their hate, anger and violence against others. No other religion in the world causes people to behave and act the way they do.
My points here are based on Islam's history, literature and it's teachings. References have been included that were found using Google searches to illustrate what I learned by experience. Attachment A: The Nature of Islam provides a brief outline of Islam’s history, literature and teachings.
My key suggestion is that, because Islamic radicalization builds on what is taught in mosques, it is critical to prevent inflammatory teaching there. Measures to reduce or eliminate radical teaching are needed, at least in the west, before it's too late. In the eyes of Muslims the west means, countries like USA, Australia, UK / Europe and most countries that are not governed by Islam whose people are simply called infidels.
For years there have been warnings about radical Islam and it's dangerous teachings and it's threats to our future and way of life, and efforts to expose it. People in the west now need to share their experiences, suggestions and solutions to combat this threat.
This article does not suggest discriminating against any people because of their religion or because of how they dress.
Australia needs to get more serious about promoting relationships amongst people with different backgrounds. It is currently a multicultural society and proud of it. However it is still not free of racism which is more obvious to foreigners than to most others. Foreigners (especially if they can't speak good English) can experience this daily in dealing with Aussies everywhere. For example in applying for work, foreign names can be a deterrent.
But in overcoming residual racism there is a need for caution.
Most good Muslims view their religion like any other good religion that was introduced to people for the greater good of humanity. It gives guidance and direction in their own life and the reward for the afterlife is Paradise. A good Muslim view is if they follow the Five Pillars of Islam, do more good in life than bad then they may have a chance to go to Paradise in the afterlife. Radicals on the other hand believe in the Quran and it's messages to non-Muslims as they see a need to enforce Islam and it's teaching on everyone. They also oppose some branches of Islam like Shia Muslims who are also seen as infidels.
The majority of Muslims worldwide have proven that they can live in peace and harmony with non-Muslims. However not all can or do, and it is estimated that in the United States around 10% to 15% of Muslims are radical.
A 2013 poll from Pew showed that 13% of American Muslims said that violence against civilians is (often, sometimes or rarely) justified to defend Islam. As the world saw, Islamic State was created quickly and large numbers of supporters emerged and joined it from around the world.
Though only a minority of Muslims are radicals, the total numbers involved can be very large because of the size of the Muslim population. And radicals don't have to be active or act now but can be ready to act when the time comes or they are called to act by their leaders. They are wolves in sheep's clothing among us. Islamic radicals’ agenda is clear, that is to spread Islam worldwide and have Sharia Law implemented, They don't care how long it will take, as long as it happens. because Sharia law is the basis for the religious, political and cultural life of all Muslims.
Though most Muslims are not violent or hateful, their objectives are much the same as those of the radicals - that is to help establish Islam everywhere in the world.
Radical's play with the feelings of Muslims (and sometimes non-Muslims) and can sometimes win their sympathy and support. Some tactics that are used to do so are:
Radicals pretend to ignore (or maybe they really don't know about) the equally bad or even worst things in the lives of some of their fellow Muslims and the sins they commit.
Islamic Radicals Today are Repeating Islam’s History
Beginning in the 7th century Islam’s influence expanded to create an Islamic civilization, by incorporating non-Muslims living nearby. Their possessions were plundered. Their women were taken as slaves. What Muslims wanted they kept for themselves and the rest was sold in the general market. Another way of expanding Islam’s influence was for Muslim men to marry four wives by law, and on the side take women from conquests as slaves after killing all the male adult's and having as many children as possible with these women.
Today that is exactly what Islamic State is doing.
From Islam’s inception Muslims’ influence grew well beyond the Arabian Peninsula in the form of a Muslim empire that stretched from the borders of China and India, across Central Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, Sicily, and the Iberian Peninsula, to the Pyrenees (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_conquests)
Many people including some Christians think of the Crusaders as criminals. They don't know that the Crusades were launched as a response to Muslim conquests. (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusades ).
The easiest way to learn about Islam is through Sharia law. Learning about Sharia introduces the Quran and Mohammed in a practical manner. Sharia law hasn't been implemented fully in most Islamic countries, because it was written 1400 years ago. In many ways it is not suitable for our current times (even though Muslim scholars say it is Allah’s rules for all human's and can be applied worldwide at any time and place). It clearly violates modern perceptions of human rights. For example:
Islamic Radicalism Is Built on What Muslims are Taught About Islam
Muslims are ‘brainwashed’ from a young age as they are taught about Islam. They are told to obey, believe and are mesmerized with no questions to be asked. Some examples of teachings are:
Islam and Violence
One has only to look at the history of Islam since it's beginning to understand how violence emerges.
All branches of Islam recognize the Quran, but they differ in which other authorities they acknowledge or what they believe in (such as how a Quran Surah is interpreted and understood or dismissed). Similar differences arise in relation to interpreting the Hadith (a collection of traditions containing sayings of the prophet Muhammad which, with accounts of his daily practice (the Sunna), constitute the major source of guidance for Muslims apart from the Quran).
Most Muslim Scholars agree to disagree about the violence in Quran.
Unfortunately the average Muslim doesn't respect others’ opinions, especially if differences relate to their prophet or religion. Radicals and some other Muslims either swear at those who disagree with them or threaten them with violence or even death. A sheik (i.e. a Muslim preacher) can issue a fatwa (law) sometimes with a big financial reward for killing someone who is classified as anti-Islam. Some will carry out a fatwa without any hesitation in the name of Jihad. Causing terror and fear is big part of Islam. However, this is declining because advances in technology (especially the Internet) allow people more and more to voice objections to such behaviour https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_and_violence
Alarm Bells and Current Threats from Radicals
The world stood up and took notice after the 9/11 attacks in America. People discovered how the act of terror can easily happen in their own land and have seen what has followed since in terms of violence and senseless murders by radical Muslims of innocent non-Muslims and also of different types of Muslims (i.e. the Shia who make up around 20% of all Muslims).
This has been happening worldwide ever since. Many good Muslims have put their humanity ahead of their religion and have either condemned these acts of violence or just left Islam altogether.
The two major attacks in the U.S.A were the 9/11 attacks, and the Boston bombings. These were shown worldwide. To see all attacks in America since 9/11 (or before that) see this link: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/pages/americanattacks.htm
And in England well publicised attacks included: multiple bombings in the London Underground (July 7, 2005) when 53 people were killed by four suicide bombers and nearly 700 injured; Glasgow International Airport attack (June 30, 2007) when 5 people were injured; and the murder of British soldier Lee Rigby in Woolwich by two men with cleavers (May 22, 2013).
However these are only a tiny fraction of the attacks by Islamist radicals that have occurred worldwide. A list of worldwide attacks is at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Islamist_terrorist_attacks
Islamist radicals have formed organised terrorist groups to threaten others – see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_designated_terrorist_groups
Propaganda and Sugar Coating Islam
Attacks on innocent people around the world have gained ever-increasing public attention. People took notice of atrocities committed at random on innocent civilians and the hate that was shown by these radicals and the barbaric ways of killing at times in the name of their Allah, as they shout "Allah is great".
People worldwide started to question Islam and Muslims about why radicals kill in the name of their religion as what the radicals did shocked many from non-Muslim cultures.
Muslims preachers came to the rescue again. They felt a need to save Islam’s image in the west and other non-Arabic speaking people who know very little about Islam’s teachings and its history. Thus they invented the notion of Islamophobia (i.e. don't pick on us it's not our fault) and claimed that:
The Growing Threat from Islam
There is a new threat to the west from within in the form of groups like Wahhabis or the Muslim brotherhood and others who have been slowly increasing in numbers in our communities. This is very clear in a suburb in Sydney called Punchbowl. Just drive or walk around there to see: men with long beards wearing Arab dress; women dressed with Hijab or fully covered; and a table set up in the street where Islamic literature is being given away. A Lebanese Muslim woman once pointed out to me that there is nothing in Lebanon itself where people look and behave as they do in Punchbowl. This is happening because of incentive payments to Australian Muslims mainly from the Middle East (see links below):
Radical Muslims are very organized politically, well funded and connected. A web site claims the Paris terrorists had bitcoin funding worth over $3 million.
If anyone talks about Islam in a way radicals don't approve of, they will do their best to shut down their website or threaten them or issue a fatwa to kill them or offer a huge financial reward for killing them. Consider threats to Salman Rushdie (author of The Satanic Verses); the Charlie Hebdo shooting in France; violence related to cartoons about Muhammad in Denmark and a cartoon movie about Muhammad.
Christian media (e.g. on YouTube or Facebook) are shut down or hijacked. Arabic Christian channels on Satellite that engage people to phone in live and express their opinions often get violent threat calls from Muslims. For preaching the Christian Gospel to Muslims on Satellite TV a fatwa was issued to kill the priest host – with a reward of $60 million.
Radicals and many other Muslims use the West’s democracy and freedom of speech for their gain only and to disadvantage the west by enforcing acceptance of Muslim traditions and values (e.g. Halal food, building Mosques, preaching Islam, the way they dress with the Hijab and the like). History elsewhere suggests they would seek later to force Islam on everyone. In Saudi Arabia a Bible is not allowed to enter the country. Churches can’t be built. It's even a crime for a few Christian worshipers to get together in a private house and worship silently. Over the last 1400 years Christians have been persecuted or killed, and their Churches burnt and in most cases not allowed to be rebuilt or converted to Mosques. Many Christians left their native countries as I had to do because of fear of Islam. This occurs mostly in the Middle East but is also seen in Sudan and Somalia and some other countries.
Radical Muslim's and their supporters believe that Earth was created by Allah that commands all people must be Muslims or convert to Islam and live as one nation one country Earth with no borders and it must be governed by one man called the Caliphate.
For more of what Radical Muslims believe watch this 5 part video on YouTube
For Muslims to live in peace with others in the West, they must respect other people opinions and view's the least that is required is for them to understand they are not Allah's soldiers on earth and they are not judge, jury and executioner. Muslims need to accept that humans are free to worship what they want or not worship anything at all. Religion is a personal choice and each is responsible for their actions now and in the afterlife.
Concentrations of Muslims living together in suburbs can be bad especially if they spread negative and hateful thoughts towards Non-Muslims. Perhaps they should be required to spread out and integrate with other Australians to reduce the bad influence and the feelings of being superior that emerges when large numbers live in small condensed areas (Muslim's motto is all Muslim's are brothers and belong to one big family, offcourse only the one's that agree with their ideas about Islam).
Mosques should be places of worship. Many acts of violence are committed by radicals after a Friday prayer in the Mosque, because some Muslim preachers spread hate against non-Muslims in mosques. They also do so on TV / satellite channels, radio, the internet (like YouTube) and social media. Preachers teach and motivate worshipers how to act by using examples from Islamic scripture; and encourage (and at times order) their worshipers to act. When such preaching is happening often, some Muslims eventually become radicalised and driven to commit violent Jihad. Some Muslim preachers get so emotional that they cry while delivering their speeches of hate. (Source: from YouTube search for “Muslim hate preachers”). In most cases no one holds such preachers accountable. Governments of the west and / or law enforcement agencies need to combat this problem.
Most Muslims are just followers of Islam, The Radicals dictate to them how they should worship and behave. They come to the west to enjoy our freedom, democracy and a better way of life for them and their families. But given half a chance, Muslim radicals and their followers will use dictatorship, violence and killing to make everyone submit to Islamic rule and teaching. Muslims must abide by and respect the laws, traditions and values of the country that they live in.
Muslims must also come to understand the need for separation of religion and state. More people need to study what is involved in Sharia Law. It's not a good law to follow because some of it doesn't work. Many Muslims just pick some of it to practice and leave the rest and still claim it's from Allah. This does not make sense to me.
Attachment A: The Nature of Islam
Attachment A: The Nature of Islam
Islam is NOT just a religion. It is a complete formula for a civilization with a detailed political system, religion and a legal code - the Sharia. It is a political process. Jihad is political action with a religious motivation. Political Islam is the doctrine that deals with the non-Muslim.
Origins of Islam
About Muhammad ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Islam )
Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca in 570 C.E. He was orphaned at an early age and was raised by his uncle Abu Talib. When he was forty years old, he received a revelation while he was meditating in a cave outside Mecca. After an initial period of doubt and fear, he started to preach to his kinfolk and then in public, to all Meccans. Muhammad claimed that he had been chosen by God, like the Abrahamic religions prophets (Moses, Elijah, etc.) before him. But he also said he was not preaching a new religion, just reviving the old and pure tradition which the Christians and Jews had debased. In 622 Muhammad and many of his followers fled to the neighbouring city of Medina. The Meccans were conscious about Muhammad's growth of power. They waged war against him. But Muhammad seemed to an invincible general who defeated them in almost every single battle. Among them were famous the Battle of Badr and the Battle of Khandak. Through conquest and conversion, Muhammad was able to unite the surrounding tribes behind him and eventually assembled such a large force that Mecca capitulated without a fight. By the time Muhammad died, on June 8, 632, he and his followers had united the entire Arabian peninsula under Islam.
About Muhammad’s Successor (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Succession_to_Muhammad)
Muhammad's death in AD 632, disagreement broke out over who should succeed
him as leader of the Muslim community. None of Muhammad's sons (if he had
any) survived into adulthood. Therefore direct hereditary succession was
never an option. Muhammad had a group called Companions (Sahabah) from
which a leader to be appointed. The Sunni view of the succession was
different to that of Shia which led to violent conflicts that have
continued to the present day.
About Islam's Expansion (http://history-world.org/islam4.htm )
The Islamic state expanded very rapidly after the death of Muhammad through remarkable successes both at converting unbelievers to Islam and by military conquests of the Islamic community's opponents. Expansion of the Islamic state was an understandable development, since Muhammad himself had successfully established the new faith through conversion and conquest of those who stood against him. Immediately after the Prophet's death in 632, Abu Bakr, as the first Caliph [Sunni], continued the effort to abolish paganism among the Arab tribes, and also to incorporate Arabia into a region controlled by the political power of Medina. United by their faith in God and a commitment to political consolidation, the merchant elite of Arabia succeeded in consolidating their power throughout the Arabian peninsula and began to launch some exploratory offensives north toward Syria.
There is Nothing Simple about Islamic Texts
About "The Preserved Tablet" (http://www.questionsonislam.com/article/what-preserved-tablet-lahw-i-mahfoos)
Muslims believe that the Quran was written by God on "The preserved tablet" (in paradise) since eternity, and was verbally revealed by God to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibril), gradually over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632, the year of his death. Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, a proof of his prophethood, and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad. The Preserved Tablet also is the record in which Allah has recorded the fate of His creatures before He created them.
About The Quran (Qur'an, Koran) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quran
The Quran (Islamic sacred book), The Hadith is a collection of narrations of the life and deeds of Muhammad (Their prophet). The Sira is his recorded biography. The Sunnah is said to be Muhammad's way of life, on which Islamic law (Sharia) is based. The majority of Muslims are called Sunnah.
The largest part of the Trilogy (Quran, Sira and Hadith ) is not about how to be a good Muslim. Instead most of the text is devoted to the unbeliever. (See below under the heading "The Qur'an Teaches") The Quran devotes 64% of its total words to the unbeliever and the Trilogy, as a whole, devotes 60% of its text to the unbelievers. The problem in knowing the Trilogy is that the (Quran, Sira, and Hadith) were designed to be difficult to understand and are vast and complex texts. There is only one way for them to be understood, they must be viewed as a systemic whole, not three separate books. The original meaning of a Qur'anic passage will also be dependent on the historical circumstances of the prophet Muhammad's life and early community in which it originated. Investigating that context usually requires a detailed knowledge of Hadith and sirah, This introduces an additional element of uncertainty which cannot be eliminated by any linguistic rules of translation.
About Muslims' branches (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_schools_and_branches )
The Quran was written in classical Arabic language The Arabic language (like classical English, or Shakespearean English) has gone through lots of changes in speaking and writing since it's early days. makes it hard to understand and therefore can be interpreted in different ways. This creates problems because the Quran also can be interpreted as encouraging violence against those who do not agree with one’s interpretation and also among different branches of Muslims themselves.
Worldwide there are 1.4 billion Muslims, only 350 Million of whom can speak/write and understand Arabic. And very few can understand the old Arabic in which the Quran was written. The Quran must be recited only in Arabic during prayers. Arabic language has 28 letters, some letters are very hard if not impossible to pronounce by non Arabic speaking.
About Problems in Interpretation
The task of translation is not an easy one. Some native Arab-speakers will confirm that some Qur'anic passages are difficult to understand even in the original Arabic. A part of this is the innate difficulty of any translation, In Arabic, as in other languages, a single word can have a variety of meanings. There is always an element of human judgment involved in understanding and translating a text. This factor is made more complex by the fact that the usage of words has changed a great deal between classical and modern Arabic. As a result, even Qur'anic verses which seem perfectly clear to native speakers accustomed to modern vocabulary and usage may not represent the original meaning of the verse.
This sura confirms abrogation by Allah: Surah Al-Baqara (106) (2:106) states: “We bring a better verse or at least the like of it for whatever we abrogate or cause it to be forgotten”.
A good Muslim can believe a sura like this while others will dismiss it. This causes a lot of contradiction and confusion among Muslims, not to mention non-Arabic speaking people with their translated copies.
In one place it is said:
To You Your Religion and To Me Mine (Qur'an 109:1-6).
While elsewhere it is said:
Surah At-Tawbah 5 And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, let them [go] on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
The latter can be interpreted in quite different ways:
For example, al-Baydawi and al-Alusi argue that it refers to those pagan Arabs who violated their peace treaties by waging war against the Muslims in early days of Islam.
By contrast many contemporary Muslim scholars tend to interpret the call to violence as limited to self-defence.
About Some of What the Qur'an Teaches:
"not to make friends with Jews and Christians" (5:51), fight them "until they pay the Jizya (a penalty tax for the non-Muslims living under Islamic rules) with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued" ( 9:29). "kill the disbelievers wherever we find them" (2:191), "murder them and treat them harshly" (9:123), "fight and slay the Pagans, seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem" ( 9:5). all those who disbelieve in Islam go to hell (5:10), they are najis (filthy, untouchable, impure) (9:28), and orders us to fight the unbelievers until no other religion except Islam is left (2:193). It prohibits a Muslim to befriend a non-believer even if that non-believer is the father or the brother of that Muslim (9:23), (3:28). "non-believers will go to hell and will drink boiling water" (14:17). It asks the Muslims to "slay or crucify or cut the hands and feet of the unbelievers, that they be expelled from the land with disgrace and that they shall have great punishment in the world hereafter" (5:34). And tells us that "for them (the unbelievers) garments of fire shall be cut and there shall be poured over their heads boiling water whereby whatever is in their bowels and skin shall be dissolved and they will be punished with hooked iron rods" (22:19-22) and that they not only will have "disgrace in this life, on the Day of Judgment He shall make them taste the Penalty of burning (Fire)" (22:9). Soon shall We cast terror into the hearts of the Unbelievers (3:151). I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip of them (8:12).
A word of warning for those who may find their version of Quran in English is translated differently from those appearing here: Almost all the translators of Quran have deliberately tried to soften the harsh verses of Quran.
About Hadith problems (Authentic and non-authentic):
Hadith is accepted as the 2nd source of Islam (the Quran being 1st) and has been well established into an entire science where people spend a lifetime merely studying the "Hadith" and its compilations.
Muslims are taught that the Prophet Mohammed brought the Quran with him as well as his sayings "Hadith" and actions "Sunna". The Muslims believe that these pillars are inseparable and that Islam cannot stand at all if any of these pillars are taken out.
What may come as a surprise to most, is that "Hadith" was not actually compiled and reviewed until over two hundred years after Mohammed's death, first by Imam Bukhari (d. 256/870), then Muslim (d. 261/875), Abu Daud (d. 275/888), Tirmidhi (d. 270/883), Ibn Maja (d. 273/886), and al-Nasa'i (d. 303/915).
In his opening statement, Bukhari (considered to be the #1 source of authentic Hadith) states that out of nearly 600,000 Hadith's which were known to him at the time, he could only record 7,397 as being authentic from the prophet. This is a recognition by the upholders of Hadith that at least 98.76%, of what people are led to believe is the 2nd revelation to the Quran and a major source of Islamic law, is pure lies!.
Lying (Taqiyya and Kitman) is permitted under certain circumstances typically those that advance the cause of Islam, in some cases by gaining the trust of non-believers in order to draw out their vulnerability and defeat them.
Taken collectively these verses are interpreted to
mean that there are circumstances when a Muslim may be "compelled" to
deceive others for a greater purpose.
How to Become a Muslim
Shahada ("the two testimonials") is an Islamic creed declaring belief in the oneness of God and the acceptance of Muhammad as God's prophet. When a person says it, it becomes a declaration that you have become a Muslim.
The radicals’ duty and view is that Islam is the religion to be accepted by all humanity or enforced upon them as it's the last message from Allah.
Muslims are taught from a young age to hate the West and call them countries with false freedom. They curse the Jews and Christians and accuse the latter of falsifying the Bible, accuse them of worshipping Three Gods (The Father, Son and Holly spirit). They are called infidels for rejecting Islam. They are seen as the descendants of monkeys and pigs, and when or if Sharia Law (the Dream of radicals) is implemented then non-Muslims will be given three choices:
1- Convert to Islam by saying the Shahada.
2- Pay tax (religion Tax for Non-Muslims only).
3- Be killed - or for the lucky ones be ordered to leave the country and leave all their possessions behind.